2 Day Short Course in Basic Echocardiography – Theory and Practical Application
- To understand the importance of physics and instrumentation in echocardiography.
- To understand the systematic approach for acquiring echocardiographic images using 2D, Doppler, colour Doppler and tissue Doppler during a standard examination.
- To understand the 'minimum dataset' for a standard transthoracic echocardiogram.
- To develop the skills for high quality standard image acquisition.
- To apply the knowledge of basic physics and instrumentation to optimise the echocardiographic system in order to obtain high quality images.
- To develop the skills for undertaking standardised measurements of the left ventricle, left atrium, right ventricle, right atrium and valves.
- Cardiac Anatomy and Physiology (pre course reading)
- Gross cardiac anatomy
- The cardiac cycle
- Heart sounds and the murmur
- Coronary anatomy
- Basic Ultrasound Physics and the Equipment
- Physics of 2D and Doppler echocardiography
- Image optimisation and instrumentation
- Cardiac Anatomy and Physiology as demonstrated by Cardiac Ultrasound
- Visualisation of normal cardiac anatomy and normal variants in standard transthoracic planes
- The use of non-standard transthoracic views
- The systematic approach for spectral and colour Doppler interrogation
- 2D, M-mode and Doppler features of the normal heart
- The minimum dataset for image acquisitions
- Cardiac Functional Parameters
- On-screen measurements of length, slope, area and time intervals and their significance for 2D images, M-mode and spectral Doppler displays
- Standard m-mode measurements and calculations with normal values
- Derivation of stroke volume, ejection fraction and LV mass
- Methods of measuring left ventricular and left atrial volume, including biplane area, area-length and Simpson's rule method
- Limitations of measurement and or calculation validity in presence of poor quality and/or off-axis images
- Methods of measuring diastolic function: E/A ratio, deceleration time, pulmonary venous flow patterns and the normal values
- Peak and mean pressure gradient measurements by Doppler and their relationship to catheterisation data
- Measurement of pulmonary pressures from tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitant flow velocities and assessment of inferior vena cava contraction
- In order to establish whether all the learning objectives have been met the students will be assessed by observation of practice. A set-criteria will need to be achieved before completion of the course.
|Time||Day 1||Day 2|
|AM||2D and M-Mode Echocardiography – Physics and Image Acquisition||Tissue Doppler|
|Doppler Echocardiography – Physics and Image Acquisition||Quantitative Echocardiography – Key Measurements|
On completion of the course you will receive a certificate of completion of the 'Focused Course in Echocardiography' from Liverpool John Moors University with detail of the practical skills attained.